Have you ever been curious about the relationship between critical thinking and ethics? In this essay you will explore what critical thinking is and the steps to it. What the Ethical Lens Inventory is and how ethics influences our decision-making and how it’s applied in our daily life.
In General Psychology one of the definitions of critical thinking is “Critical thinking examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions.” Critical thinking is used several times throughout the day in our lives. It helps us with our decision-making ability. There are six steps in the critical-thinking process: remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating. These six levels of thinking fall into three major categories, which include: checking your attitude, checking for logic, and checking the evidence. We have to remember when using our critical thinking skills to separate our opinion from facts to obtain accurate information.
After taking the Ethical Inventory Lens Assessment, I learned that my preferred lens is Rights – Responsibly and Results lens; which means, “I balance my reason and intuition skills to determine how to complete duties while achieving the best for each individual.” Additionally, I discovered my Blind Spot is “being satisfied with too little good. I can fail to be accountable to those who are depending upon me when I exercise free will. Once I satisfy my own needs, I can become complacent, leaving problems unresolved and others to fend for themselves.”
My personal ethics relates to critical thinking by using the process of critical thinking and knowing our morals (right from wrong). We apply it when having to make decisions in our daily life. With our professional and societal responsibilities we use our ethics (our morals, beliefs, knowing right from wrong) on a daily basis. For example, while were driving to work we use ethics by following the rules and not getting a ticket. Another example, while at work and if you handle money or just conversing words with a costumer we use ethical and critical thinking. We have learned moral and ethical skills not to take the money for our personal benefit. We talk to costumers and stranger’s through-out the day with respect. At a very young age, we are taught the difference between right and wrong. That has been one moral rule that has grown with us through various situations through-out our life.
In conclusion, we learned about the relationship between critical thinking and ethics. How ethics (our morals) weight our decisions when using critical thinking. Ethics and critical thinking will guide an individual on their decision making if they are true to themselves.
“Petress, Ken. “CRITICAL THINKING: AN EXTENDED DEFINITION.” Education 124.3 (2004): 461-6. ProQuest. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.”
Critical Thinking and Ethics
February 8, 2016
Dr. Clarence Mitchell
Critical Thinking and Ethics
Critical thinking and ethics are responsible for more than people tend to realize. Upon consideration, it’s difficult to imagine critical thinking without ethics. Once critical thinking is understood, it’s easier to realize how common we all use critical thinking in everyday life. After considering the steps involved in critical thinking then adding in your personal ethics information, the relationship between critical thinking and ethics seems even closer than before.
Understanding Critical Thinking
Critical thinking has been described in many ways but plainly means to rationally and clearly analyze or reasoning through information to make a determination or conclusion. Critical thinking can best be done in a six step process. Step one is called Remembering involves the ability to remember key terms, facts or events. Step two is called Understanding and poses the question if you can explain your idea in your own words. Step three is called Applying and asks if you can use your idea to produce a desired result. The fourth step is called Analyzing and asks if you can divide your idea into parts or steps. The fifth step is called Evaluating and asks if you can rate the truth, usefulness or quality of an idea and give reasons why. The sixth and final step to critical thinking is called Creating and asks if you can invent something new based on your idea.
Critical thinking can be applied in any situation you may encounter in life. For instance, if someone was trying to decide where to go on vacation, critical thinking will help you decide the best vacation destination for you. Ask friends and coworkers about vacations they’ve been on and how their experiences were. Don’t be fooled into believing that everything someone says about a vacation will be true for you because we are all different. With opinions, good or bad you can then research positives and negatives to decide how much truth there is to the points of view you collected. Using careful consideration of all the facts and information will lead you to making the best decisions about your vacation.
Ethics Meets Critical Thinking
Ethics have a considerable impact in how we think critically in various different ways because when breaking down ethics we all have our own unique ethical lens and blind spots. Personally, my ethical blind spot has been identified as overconfidence in process or unrealistic role expectations. In brief, I trust process too much, forgetting that unequal access gives rise to unjust outcomes and I tend to forget that individuals are fallible regardless of their role. My preferred ethical lens has been identified as Relationship and Reputation. This means that I typically balance my reasoning skills with my intuition what processes, systems, character traits and virtues will best serve to achieve equality. Being mindful of your ethical blind spot and preferred ethical lens will help a person to be better at critical thinking.