Mhra Referencing Guide Bibliography Page

Guide: How to cite a Website in MHRA style

Use the following template to cite a website using the MHRA citation style. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator.


Pink text = information that you will need to find from the source.
Black text = text required by the MHRA style.

Reference list

Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.


Author Surname, Author Forename, 'Title', Year Published <http://Website URL> [accessed Date Accessed]


strachan, glenda,, 2007 <;jsessionid=6BBDB7F3E15D20654BDE239E65FFC6BF?sequence=1> [accessed 15 June 2014]

In-text citation

Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.


Author Forename Author Surname, 'Title', Year Published <http://Website-Url> [accessed 10 October 2013].


in the 1950s and 1960s men were regarded as the wage earners and women the homemakers glenda strachan,, 2007 <;jsessionid=6BBDB7F3E15D20654BDE239E65FFC6BF?sequence=1> [accessed 15 June 2014].

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Cite A Website in MHRA style

MHRA Referencing Style Guide

This is a quick guide to the Modern Humanities Research Association reference style (3rd edn) using footnotes.

For specific formatting examples, see MHRA Style: Common Examples.

When you refer to another person’s ideas or information you must acknowledge the source using a superscript number (above the line) placed after a direct quote or paraphrase. This refers readers to the corresponding footnote at the bottom of the page, or endnote at the end of your assignment. You must also list the sources in alphabetical order (by surname of the author) in a reference list or bibliography at the end of your assignment.

An example of footnotes and a bibliography is shown below:

General principles

  • The information required is who-what-where-when:

    Author name, Title of Whole Work in italics (Place of publication: Publisher, year published), p. xx

  • For titles in English, capitalise the first word, all principle words and the first word following a colon
  • For titles in other languages, follow the capitalisation rules of the language in question. See the full version of the MHRA Style Guide for more detail
  • Book and journal titles are italicised
  • Article and chapter titles appear in quotation marks as do titles of operas, songs, poems, stories, etc.
  • For place of publication use (City: Publisher, date). Use 2 letter abbreviations for American states (e.g. Cambridge, MA) only if a city of the same name exists elsewhere
  • Omit Press, Ltd and Co from publisher details where the publisher name is that of its founder
  • If no author is stated, use the title in place of author name (e.g. for newspaper articles)
  • If no publication details are available, use:

    [n.p.] for no place of publication, [] for no publisher, [n.d.] for no date.

  • Primary sources and Secondary sources are usually listed separately in the bibliography


  • Author names appear in spoken word order, i.e. as firstname lastname (Rowland Weston)
  • Encyclopedia and dictionary entry headwords appear in quotation marks, e.g. “sonata”
  • Use p. if the information comes from a single page, pp. if it spans two or more pages e.g. pp. 2–6

Format of footnotes

  • Font size 10pt
  • Indent second and subsequent lines

    Stafford, Jane and Mark Williams, Maoriland: New Zealand Literature 1872-1914 (Wellington: Victoria University Press, 2006)

In a first footnote

  • The first name or initial of the author/editor is followed by the surname
  • Use whichever form of the name appears on the title page of the work
  • All notes end with a full stop, except when the note ends with a square bracket

In further footnotes from the same source (second and subsequent)

  • note only the author’s surname (volume if applicable) and page numbers e.g. Te Awekotuku, p.55

Reference List or Bibliography

In the reference list or bibliography at the end of the work:

  • Works are listed in alphabetical order by surname
  • The first author name appears as lastname, firstname and subsequent names are firstname lastname e.g.Stafford, Jane and Mark Williams
  • List multiple works by the same author in title rather than date order (excluding A, An, The). Give the name of the author in the first citation only, in later citations replace the author’s name with a long dash (a 2-em dash) e.g.

    Shieff, Sarah, Letters of Frank Sargeson, (Auckland: Vintage, 2012)
    ____ , Speaking Frankly: The Frank Sargeson Memorial Lectures (Auckland: Cape Catley, 2011)

  • To create a 2-em dash in MS Word: use the [Alt] [Ctrl] [minus on number pad] keys simultaneously
  • Indent the second and subsequent lines if a source goes over one line
  • Give the page range for journal articles and chapters in edited books
  • There is no full stop at the end of the entry
  • Font size same as that in the main text

Further Guides and Examples

Official Style Guides / Info


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