Essay About Population Growth In India

Over-population has been major problem in India. The efforts to remove the curse of population problem have only been partially effective. In consequence the rate of population increase has gone down, but the balance between the optimum population growth and a healthy nation is far to be achieved.

Ignorance, illiteracy, unhygienic living and lack of proper recreation have remained the caused of population problem in India.

Both men and women should realize the dangers of over-population. If we make a random survey we shall find that still there are women as well as men who are not able to grasp why they should have less children. The television instructs through advertisements and tableaus about the merit of a small, manageable family. But still there are families that suffer from die-hard superstition. They consider adoption as an unholy activity. Again the backward tradition of professional ancestry is also firmly rooted in a large cross-section of our Indian society. A blacksmith, a carpenter, a mason or a tailor promptly trains his children to pick up the trade of their father. Naturally, they have a psychological make-up that the more sons they have the more they can employ. Thus a laborer produces more as that mean more income.

People, themselves must realize the merits of a small family. They should be encouraged to adopt preventive checks – checks that control the birth rate.

Another factor that encourages the growth-rate is religion. Some communities consider any mandate or statutory method of prohibition to be sacrilegious. India being a secular state, she cannot exercise any check or restraint on religious grounds.

Another great factor that contributes to the population growth is the cursed voting system. It is based on number. On the other hand the voting pattern, especially in northern India, is based on caste. Naturally, the caste that outstrips the other castes in sheer number of votes enjoys a comparatively higher leverage in the domain of powers.

Early marriages not only leads to high-population and thwart the progress of our young population, they entail an enormous amount of trouble to young mothers. These young girls, in most cases, are not healthy enough to bear the burden of childbearing.

The importance of a higher standard of living should be inculcated in the mind of the mass of the people. The desire for better living conditions automatically works as a deterrent to heavy increases in population. It restricts the population explosion and thus tends to keep high the efficiency of our existing population.

Education at the grass root, more equitable distribution of the natural wealth, restrictions on religious fanatics that would damage the country’s economy by unnecessary births, and lastly, weight age to voting not by number but by some other method – these alone can bring about a kind of effective control over the population problem.

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Introduction: The rising population of India is one of the major problems of the country. The present population of India consists of over 1.21 billion people.

The big population of India undoubtedly provides large work-force resources which, if properly utilized, can highly advance the economic prosperity of the country.

However, a large number of people are poor and illiterate. Their basic need are not being met. Under the existing condition of our economy, it cannot be said that the vast masses of people growing out of proportion to our resources are really an asset to the country.

We have to give more attention to the growth of population and its relation to the problem of unemployment and capital formation in the country.

Effects

The abnormal population growth is commonly believed to be one of the principal causes of India’s poverty and very low standard of living for her people.

Efforts are being made in India for improving the economic condition of people but it can bear no fruitful result if population is allowed to growl unchecked.

The national activities in free India are directed to the task of providing adequate means of livelihood to an increasing number of people through an integrated development of agriculture, trade, commerce and industries. The schemes adopted for this purpose cannot materialize unless the population problem is tackled satisfactorily.

However, it is also a fact that we cannot exercise any effective check on population unless there be an appreciable rise in the standard of living for the common people.

Overpopulation weakens the economy in many respects. The increasing pressure of population on natural resources will retard the economic progress and minimize the scope for social services in the form of education, wealth, housing, etc., so essentially needed for a progressive state. Therefore, a planned growth of our economy needs some effective check on population.

Solution

The benefits of family planning schemes initiated by the Government are being emphasized in many ways. Nevertheless, it requires persistent propaganda work before public opinion can be fully mobilized for a planned growth of population.

We must make an all-out drive to educate the masses in the methods of family planning. It is a good sign that a section of our people especially those belonging to the middle class are gradually becoming population conscious and are taking active interest in the methods devised and recommended for population control.

Birth rate must be kept within reason able limits to make a definite advance towards a higher standard of living, which is the primary need of India. The task will certainly be much easier if people get a chance of reaching a higher standard of living. It will then by itself serve as a kind of incentive to birth control.

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